A Local Government Deliberation Support Tool for New Mobility Solutions
Under the supervision of Professor Martin O’Connor, the aim of this PhD Thesis is to help local government decide in an inclusive and multi-stakeholder perspective upon the implementation of such solutions, on the basis of multicriteria analysis and deliberation.
Midway between private cars and public transport, shared mobility services –carpooling, carsharing, electric carsharing systems– represent a change in our transportation systems that is well underway. Diverse constraints explain these recent innovations: increasing transportation costs, energy independence, environmental issues, climate change, increase in family car budgets (French Centre for Strategic Analysis (CSA), 2012). As mentioned in the CSA’s report on new mobility in suburban and rural territories, “the role of local initiative, in particular on the part of local authorities, will be increasingly important in the future”. Local authorities therefore need to be equipped with a powerful deliberation support tool that provides them the means to opt for a particular mode of shared mobility, which, in tandem with public transportation, should be part of a multimodal transport plan.
These emerging sustainable mobility solutions should be based on sufficiently robust business models, to ensure both their long-term effectiveness and financial sustainability. It is therefore necessary to understand both the structure and the dynamics of new markets, which are still highly unstable. Such economic analysis should lead to a deliberation model, whose purpose is to provide communities with the means to better evaluate the economic benefits that stem from the variety of new mobility systems on the market.
The research will fully fit the study plan of the VeDeCoM Institute for Energy Transition, namely low-carbon and connected vehicles and their mobility. As such, it will be closely based on the expertise of VeDeCoM institute partners, but also on a large openness to diverse stakeholders.